Panama Canal won't alter toll schedule
Monday, February 16 2009 @ 01:58 PM EST
Contributed by: Don Winner
Editor's Comment: The Panama Canal Administration is trying to suck as much money as humanly possible from the Panama Canal by raising tolls. Of course this makes sense because Panama has to pay for the expansion of the Panama Canal which will cost at least $5.25 billion dollars total. The actual end cost of this project, scheduled to be completed in 2014 in time for the 100th Year Anniversary of the opening of the Panama Canal, will probably come in significantly higher than the $5.25 billion dollars estimated when Panamanians approved the project in a national referendum in 2005. Shippers have calculators too, and it's their job to sit down and figure out what's the most economical and cost efficient manner of doing business. The ACP reveals something significant in this article when Sabonge points out that using alternative routes might make sense right now, considering the dropping prices for bunker fuel, dropping demand due to the global economic slump, and increasing capacity in the hands of the shippers. Like he says, these alternative route selections will probably only make sense in the short term, but in the long run the shippers will return to the shortest, fastest, and most economical route - the Panama Canal.
His comments came in the wake of CMA CGM's decision last week to route the homebound leg of its PEX2 service linking Asia to the Caribbean on a longer - but less expensive - trip around Africa's Cape of Good Hope.
"Even after we add a tenth vessel of 4,000 TEUs to the PEX2 service, we will save more than $200,000 by returning to Asia by traveling east around Africa," Laurent Falguiere, CMA CGM Group vice president of Caribbean and Latin American lines, told The Journal of Commerce last week.
Maersk Line also is considering plans to route some of its services from Asia to the U.S. East Coast around Africa. It also is considering sending some of its vessels from Asia to the East Coast around Cape Horn at the stormy tip of South America.
"Our calculations do indicate that it might very well be beneficial to go south of the Horn with some of our vessels," Morten Englestoft, chief operating officer of Maersk Line in Copenhagen, said in a telephone interview earlier this month. "Given the significant cost of going through the (Panama) canal, we have to explore all the alternatives."
Sabonge said the carriers have the right to use alternate routes around Panama, but that the detours being adopted by major carriers are only temporary because of the drop in the price of bunker fuel, the current lack of demand because of the world economic slump and the overcapacity of container ship tonnage hanging over the industry. (See Comments)
Both the canal authority and the carriers have been unusually public in publicizing their positions on the tolls. Both sides in the normally closed-mouth industry have reached out to the trade media to assert their views.
Sabonge said the scheduled May increase in tolls would amount to about $20,000 per transit for a container ship of the size that CMA CGM deploys on its PEX2 service. On its last transit through the canal, the CMA CGM Capella, which is part of the PEX2 service, paid a total of $272,535, including tolls and other canal charges such as tug and pilot fees, he said. That total will increase to $292,535 after the May increase, he said.
The final installment of the three-year staged increase in tolls, which will take effect on May 1, will bring the toll to $72 per TEU, a 14.3 percent increase over the current toll of $63. The current toll was increased by 16.56 percent on May 1, 2008, from $54 per TEU.
"We feel we are still the best choice and will remain competitive even after the planned increase that is scheduled for May," Sabonge said. "What CMA CGM is doing now is something all lines should be doing - analyzing different alternatives and making sure they are acting in their best interest.