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National Census in Panama This Sunday, 16 May 2010

Panama NewsOn Sunday, 16 May 2010, the authorities of the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC) of the Comptroller General of the Republic will conduct a national census, in one single day, to count the 3.5 million people residing in the national territory and territorial waters. To achieve the goal set for that date during which the XI (Eleventh) Census of Population and VII (Seventh) of Housing, no one may leave their residences without first having been counted. Such action would lead to a penalty in accordance with Executive Order No. 726 of October 15, 2009 and Law No. 10 of January 22, 2009. These laws also establish the obligation to provide the data to the census takers. Fines have been established ranging from $10 to $10,000 dollars for anyone who violates the applicable laws, depending on the infraction, such as going out without first having been counted or for lying when giving information.

Yesterday, at a press conference, the comptroller general of the Republic, Mona Lisa Bianchini, called on people to contribute to the census, for which they have provided 13,000 supervisors and 125,000 census takers who will canvas the country from 7:00 am until 7:00 pm on Sunday evening. The people who have to leave their homes must carry with them a card that will be color coded for each province. The census taker will proved at least three cards for each home.

As for the possibility that the census might be interrupted by natural phenomena, such as heavy rains or localized flooding, Cedeño Danis, the Director of INEC, was emphatic in saying that the census will not be suspended. What might happen, he said, is that the process will be completed a little later or the next day, but only "in areas of difficult access," he said. In the case of a person traveling to the interior of the country during the days leading up to the census, during the press conference they said you will be counted where you are, whether or not you are staying in a hotel, or not.

Early Census Filing: There are people who for work reasons can not stay in their homes to wait for the census taker. Some examples are doctors, nurses, and police officers who are on duty that day. For these cases, authorities have established a method of early registration, which will begin on 13 May and end on 15 May 2010. Prisoners and the homeless will also be counted early. To this end, staff will be assigned on Saturday to count these people. Eyra Ramos, head of Population and Housing of the INEC, said prisoners will be counted by guards trained for that purpose. On the other hand, she said the homeless will be counted at night, "because during the day they do not remain in a fixed place." The census staff will be accompanied by police officers, because most of the homeless are in dangerous areas. The questions asked of these people will be basic, so the process will be fast.

With regards to statements made by Esteban Rodriguez, the Director of the National Transportation Board, who said the bus drivers of their union would provide normal service on Sunday, the head of INEC, Danis Cedeno replied that this can not be so, because bus drivers are not eligible to be pre-registered and said that drivers will only be released to work after they have been counted.

Security: Cedeño said "we have been coordinating with the elements of state security" for more than a month. A total of 1,500 police officers will be deployed at 200 security checkpoints that will be established nationwide, he said. The national civil authorities, provincial and municipal authorities, the National Police, the Fire Department of Panama, and the National Civil Protection System will all be available to INEC to ensure faithful compliance with legal standards, especially for the enforcement of restrictions on the basis of the census. They also said that to ensure the public's good faith, census takers will be property identified with badges, shirts, and vests.

Other institutions have shown their full support for the census process. In a public letter, the Panamanian Episcopal Conference regulated the hours for the Sunday Mass and encouraged the faithful to build on this "census party" to share the time with family members, and to organize activities in the home to enable them to further strengthen the bond between parents and children, between spouses, grandparents, uncles and other relatives.

Privacy: Panamanians, foreigners who are residents in Panama, tourists, and people in transit who are in the country at the time of the census are required to provide the requested data. Anyone who is in the country illegally and are undocumented should not be afraid to give their data, because no action will be taken against them. There will be 24 questions on housing and 32 on population, which can be answered in 35 - 40 minutes. The authorities assured that the information provided to the census taker will be confidential.

Questions about ethnicity cause concern. "Does any person in this household considered to be black or of African descent?" This is one of the questions the census taker will ask when they come to your home on Sunday, 16 May 2010. The answer will be difficult because, according to Richard Weeks, the Executive Secretary of the Council of Black Ethnicity, many people do not have black skin although their features say otherwise, and they "try to break away from the black population."

Weeks recognized the importance of why this question has been added to the list of questions to be asked during the census. However, the following question: "Do you consider yourself to be a colonial black, West Indian black, other, or none?" will complicate things a bit because for the person being asked it would be "difficult to determine their origin" considering the fact that the concept of African descendancy is relatively unknown. For the last three months, representatives from the civil society and the Executive Secretariat of the Council of Black Ethnicity have promoted an awareness campaign for people of African descent, so that they might be able to identify themselves with pride, but it has been an arduous task has not had adequate economic resources. "The State has not appropriated funds for outreach," said Weeks. Despite these efforts, Weeks predicted that only 40% of the blacks in the country will report during the census that they belong to this ethnic group. (La Prensa)

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National Census in Panama This Sunday, 16 May 2010
Authored by: susangg on Friday, May 14 2010 @ 08:22 AM EDT
Below is an accurate English translation of the census form (the "form" part only, not the "explanations" part), created by Bocas US Embassy Warden Larry Shane, with the help of a bilingual census workers. ===================================================================== PANAMA NATIONAL CENSUS 16 MAY 2010 THE INFORMATION REQUESTED IS TO AID ANONYMOUS STATISTICS AND IS KEPT STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL I. LOCATION OF DWELLING 1. Province or region ______________________________ 2. District ______________________________ 3. Corregimiento ______________________________ 4. Segment Number ______________________________ 5. Populated locality ______________________________ 6. District or quarter ______________________________ 7. Street or avenue (number or name) ______________________________ 8. Building or house (number or name) ______________________________ 9. Room or apartment number ______________________________ II. DWELLING INFORMATION 1. TYPE OF DWELLING 1A. DWELLING SPECIFICS Permanent dwelling Semi-permanent dwelling Improvised (hammock on beach?) Apartment Room in a house Place not designated for habitation, but used as dwelling 1B. WITHOUT A DWELLING Injured (in hospital?) Destitute Homeless 1C. SHELTER DWELLING 2. STATUS OF DWELLING 2A. OCCUPIED With present persons By absent persons 2B. VACANT For sale or rent In repair or construction Away on vacation or temporarily absent Other 3. IS YOUR DWELLING? Mortgaged? Monthly payment: $ _______________ Rented? Monthly payment: $ _______________ Owned? Borrowed? Condemned? Other? ______________________________ 4. WHEN WAS THIS DWELLING BUILT? Before 2000? Between 2000 and 2005? Between 2006 and 2010? Don’t know? 5. WHAT IS THE MAIN MATERIAL OF THE EXTERIOR WALLS OF THE BUILDING / HOUSE? Concrete block, brick, stone Wood (planks, particle board) Stucco, adobe Metal (zinc, aluminum, other) Palm, straw, stalk, cane, bamboo, sticks Other materials Without walls 6. WHAT IS THE MAIN MATERIAL OF THE ROOF OF THE BUILDING / HOUSE? Flagstone of concrete Tile Other type tile (tejalit, panalit, techolit, other) Metal (zinc, aluminum, other) Wood Palm, straw, stalk Other materials 7. WHAT IS THE MAIN MATERIAL OF THE FLOOR OF THE BUILDING / HOUSE? Tile, marble Concrete Brick Wood Earth Other materials (cane, sticks, recycled, other) 8. HOW MANY ROOMS IN THE DWELLING? (Not including kitchen, storage, bath) Number of rooms: _______________ 8A. Of these, how many are bedrooms? _______________ 9. WHERE DO YOU PRINCIPALLY OBTAIN WATER TO DRINK? Utility service from IDAAN? Utility service from community? Private aqueduct? Man made well? Natural well? Rain water? Puddle? River, gorge or lake? Carted container? Bottled water? Other? 10. IS DRINKING WATER INSTALLED INSIDE THE DWELLING? Yes or No 11. HOW MANY DAYS PER WEEK IS DRINKING WATER SUPPLIED? During the dry season? _______________ During the rainy season? _______________ 12. APPROXIMATELY, HOW MANY HOURS PER DAY IS DRINKING WATER SUPPLIED? During the dry season? _______________ During the rainy season? _______________ 13. THIS DWELLING HAS TOILET/WASTE SERVICE: Outhouse or latrine? Connected to sewer line? Connected to septic tank? No service? 14. AT THIS DWELLING, WHERE DO YOU USUALLY DEFECATE? Ground? River or gorge? Sea? Toilet? Other? 15. USE OF YOUR TOILET IS: Exclusive for your dwelling? Shared with other dwellings? 16. WHAT TYPE OF SYSTEM LIGHTS THIS DWELLING? Electric Utility Company Community Electricity Electric Generator Kerosene or diesel lamp Gas lamp Candles Solar panel Other ______________________________ 17. HOW DO YOU DISPOSE OF GARBAGE FROM THIS DWELLING? Public collection service Private collection service Incineration or fire Above ground dump site Bury in a hole or landfill River, gorge, lake or sea Other ______________________________ 18. WHAT FUEL DO YOU MAINLY USE FOR COOKING? Gas Firewood Electricity Kerosene Coal You don’t cook 19. IS ANY PART OF THIS DWELLING USED FOR ANY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY? (Dressmaking, beauty salon, repair shop, kiosk or store, food sales, other) Yes or No Specify: ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 20. DO PERSONS INHABITING THIS DWELLING USE IT FOR VACATION, WEEKENDS, OR AS A SECOND HOME; WHETHER OWNED, RENTED OR BORROWED? Yes or No 20A. Where is the primary dwelling located? (If more than one used, mark most used) In this same locality? In another locality? Specify: ______________________________ Corregimiento: ______________________________ District: ______________________________ Province: ______________________________ In another country? ====================================================================== NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS IN THIS DWELLING 21. HOW MANY HOUSEHOLDS INHABIT THIS DWELLING? Household defined: Group who share food and a common budget for expenses. Household(s): _______________ III. HOUSEHOLD DATA IMPORTANT – Use a separate Questionnaire for each household, proceed as follows: a. For PRIMARY household, COMPLETE ALL PARTS OF QUESTIONNAIRE. b. For any other households, USE AN ADDITIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE, complete Part I. (No translation: “Localización de la Vivienda,trace una diagonal al Capítulo II. Datos de la vivienda proceda a llenar el resto de los capítulos.”) 22. YOUR HOUSEHOLD HAS: (Amount-Yes or No) a. Stove? b. Refrigerator? c. Washing machine? d. Sewing machine? e. Landline phone? f. Radio / sound system? g. Electrical fan? h. Air conditioner? i. Cell phone? j. Automobile? k. Television? Cable / satellite connection? l. Computer? Internet connection? 23. HERE OR AT OTHER LOCALITY, DID ANY PERSONS LIVING IN THIS HOUSEHOLD: a. Plant any type of grains (rice, corn, beans, other), or yucca, yam, potato, vegetables, cane or other crops in 2009? b. Have fruit-bearing plants/trees, timber-yielding trees, crop fields? c. Have medicinal or ornamental plants for commercial sales? d. Have cattle, pigs, horses, yeguas, mules, donkeys, sheep, goats? e. Have chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, quails or beehives? ====================================================================== INTERNATIONAL IMMIGRATION 24. IN THE PAST TEN YEARS, HAS ANY MEMBER OF THIS HOUSEHOLD LEFT TO LIVE PERMANENTLY TO ANOTHER COUNTRY? Yes or No Name, sex, age when left, year when left, to country gone IV. LIST OF OCCUPANTS OF THE HOUSEHOLD Provide full Names First/Last of all persons who slept last night in this dwelling, beginning with the Senior Member or Head of Household, continue in the following order: Spouse, Minor Children, Adult Children Unmarried, Adult Children Married and their Spouses and Children, other Relatives, Non-Relatives, Servants. Also include absent persons who did not sleep here last night, that do not live elsewhere. (?) 1. Person Number 1, 2, 3, etc. 2. Full Name, first and last 3. Sex (H=Male or M=Female) 4. Does any person of this household have a physical or mental disability? Who?-Yes or No 5. Is any person in this household of indigenous origin? Who?-Yes or No 6. Is any person of this household considered Black or of African descent? Who?-Yes or No If there are more than 8 persons in this household, use additional Questionnaires to list them. (For Registrar completion?) On completing the interview, check to verify that the number of persons counted are equal to the listed number in Part IV. Enter Total persons, total men, total women. Men: _______________ Women: _______________ Total: _______________ Remarks concerning dwelling, household and occupants: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ====================================================================== Data re Person Number 1: _________________________________________________________ Full Name V. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS Questions for person who is: 1. HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD 2. SEX (Man, Woman) 3. AGE Years: ________ Date of Birth: day/month/year 4. DO YOU CURRENTLY RECEIVE SOCIAL SECURITY INCOME FROM: Insurance Policy? As a Beneficiary? Retirement Pension? Disability (for accident or illness)? Retirement Pensioner from another country? Don’t have? 5. YOUR CURRENT MARITAL STATUS IS: Partnered (cohabiting)? Separated from marriage? Separated from partner? Married? Divorced? Widowed? Single? Minor under 15 years? 6. HEALTH LIMITATIONS: (Answer Yes or No) a. Using hearing aids, can you hear? b. Using eyeglasses, can you see? c. Do you have any permanent difficulty walking? d. Do you have any permanent difficulty using your arms or hands? e. Do you have any permanent difficulty speaking or communicating? f. Do you have any permanent difficulty learning? This Question for occupant listed in Part IV as Person Number 1 (here above Named): If person answered Item 4 “Disabled - Yes”, mark disability type. If person answered Item 4 “Disabled - No”, mark “None”. 7. WHAT TYPE OF PHYSICAL OR MENTAL DISABILITY DO YOU HAVE? (Mark the most serious) Blindness Deafness Memory Loss Cerebral palsy Physical handicap Mental Illness Other ______________________________ None This Question for occupant listed in Part IV as Person Number 1 (here above Named): If person answered Item 5 “Indigenous - Yes”, mark group type. If person answered Item 5 “Indigenous - No”, mark “None”. 8. TO WHICH INDIGENOUS GROUP DO YOU BELONG? Kuna Ngäbe Buglé Naso/Teribe Bokota Emberá Wounaan Bri Bri Other ______________________________ None This Question for occupant listed in Part IV as Person Number 1 (here above Named): If person answered Item 6 “Black or African descent - Yes”, mark type considered. If person answered Item 6 “Black or African descent - No”, mark “None”. 9. YOU ARE CONSIDERED: Black Colonial? Black Antillean? Black? Other? ______________________________ None 10. WHERE WAS YOUR MOTHER LIVING WHEN YOU WERE BORN? In this same locality? In another locality? ______________________________ District: ______________________________ Province or region: ______________________________ In another country? ______________________________ 10A. IF BORN ELSEWHERE, WHEN DID YOU ARRIVE IN PANAMA? Before May, 2000? Between May, 2000 and April, 2005? Between May, 2005 and this date? 11. WHERE DO YOU RESIDE PERMANENTLY? In this same locality? In another locality? ______________________________ District: ______________________________ Province or region: ______________________________ In another country? ______________________________ 12. WHERE DID YOU LIVE BEFORE MOVING TO WHERE YOU NOW RESIDE PERMANENTLY? In this same locality? In another locality? ______________________________ District: ______________________________ Province or region: ______________________________ In another country? ______________________________ 12A. WHEN DID YOU ARRIVE AT WHERE YOU NOW RESIDE PERMANENTLY? Before May, 2000? Between May, 2000 and April, 2005? Between May, 2005 and this date? VI. EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS Questions for persons 4 or more years of age: If less than 4 years, go to Question 28. 13. DO YOU CURRENTLY ATTEND SCHOOL? Yes or No 14. WHAT IS YOUR HIGHEST SCHOOL GRADE LEVEL COMPLETED? No grade Preschool Special education Primary (1-8) Vocational High School (9-12) University, some Bachelor Degree Specialist Certificate Masters Doctorate Questions for persons 10 or more years of age: If less than 10 years old, go to Question 28. 15. CAN YOU READ AND WRITE? (Mark Yes only for both) Yes or No 16. WHAT DIPLOMA OR CERTIFICATE DO YOU HOLD? Specify: ______________________________ None VII. ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTIC Questions for persons 10 or more years of age: If less than 10 years, go to Question 28. 17. DID YOU WORK LAST WEEK? Yes or No 18. YOU ARE EMPLOYED, BUT WERE TEMPORARILY ABSENT LAST WEEK? Yes or No 19. YOU WORKED LAST WEEK, EARNING MONEY FOR YOUR LABOR? Yes or No 20. DID YOU LOOK FOR WORK LAST WEEK? Yes or No 21. DID YOU LOOK FOR WORK LAST MONTH? Yes or No 22. IF YOU DID NOT LOOK FOR WORK LAST WEEK, WHY? I work during fixed seasons I obtained work I looked earlier and waited for news I got tired of looking Retired Injured (accident or illness) Fulltime Student Housewife or Home maker Permanently disabled Advanced age (70 or older) Other reason inactive ______________________________ 23. SPECIFY YOUR OCCUPATION, LAST WEEK OR LAST WORKED: If you have more than one job, indicate your principal occupation. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ I have never worked: 24. WHERE DID YOU LAST WORK? Write the name of the employer, company or institution; if you worked in the street, in your house, in your family’s house, on a farm, or other place – identify employment. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 25. WHAT IS THE MAIN PRODUCT/PURPOSE OF THE BUSINESS, ESTABLISHMENT OR COMPANY WHERE YOU LAST WORKED? ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 26. YOU NOW OR LAST WORKED AS: Employee of Government? Employee of Non-Profit Organization? Employee of a Cooperative? Employee of Private Company? Employee in Domestic Service? Employee of the Canal Commission or a Defense Base? Self Employed? Employer (Proprietor)? Member of a Cooperative? Homemarker? 27. YOU ARE OR WERE EMPLOYED: Permanently? To complete a specific task? Contracted for limited period? Contracted for unlimited period? Without written contract This Question is for every member of the household: 28. WHAT WAS THE SOURCE AND AMOUNT OF YOUR INCOME LAST MONTH? ($) a. Wages or salary? b. Lottery winnings? c. Earnings from self employment or tips? d. Retirement or pension for old age? e. Disability benefit (for accident, illness, or as surviving dependant)? f. Support from annuities or persons not living with you: 1) Alimony? 2) Allotment? 3) Other? ______________________________ g. Leases, rents, interest, or dividends? h. Scholarships? i. Agricultural sales? j. Other income? ______________________________ 28A. Income: Yes, I have income No, I have no income No declaration VIII. CHARACTERISTICS OF FERTILITY AND MORTALITY Questions for women 12 or more years of age: 29. HOW MANY SONS AND DAUGHTERS, BORN ALIVE, HAVE YOU HAD? Total children: __________ None 30. OF THOSE CHILDREN, HOW MANY ARE STILL ALIVE? Total children still alive: ___________ Questions for women 12 to 49 years old who have had children born alive: 31. OF YOUR CHILDREN BORN ALIVE, DID YOU BIRTH ANY IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS? Yes - Date of birth: day/mo/yr Yes - Date of birth: day/mo/yr 32. IS THAT CHILD ALIVE NOW? Yes or No ====================================================================== Data re Person Number 2, 3, etc.: ____________________________________________________ Full Name V. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS Questions for every other member of the household: 1. WHAT IS YOUR KINSHIP OR RELATION TO THE SENIOR MEMBER OR HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD? Spouse Child Son-in-law or daughter-in-law Grand son/daughter or great-grand son/daughter Father or mother Father/Mother-in-law Other relation ______________________________ Domestic servant Not related 2. SEX Man Woman 3. WHAT IS YOUR AGE? Less than one year (mark) Years: Date of birth? day/mo/yr 4. DO YOU CURRENTLY COLLECT SOCIAL SECURITY AS: Policyholder? Beneficiary? Retirement or Pension for old age Disability Benefit (for accident or illness)? Retirement or Pensioner from another country? Do not have social security? 5. WHAT IS YOUR MARITAL STATUS? Partnered (cohabiting)? Separated from marriage? Separated from partner? Married? Divorced? Widowed? Single? Minor under 15 years? 6. HEALTH LIMITATIONS: (Answer Yes or No) a. Using hearing aids, can you hear? b. Using eyeglasses, can you see? c. Do you have any permanent difficulty walking? d. Do you have any permanent difficulty using your arms or hands? e. Do you have any permanent difficulty speaking or communicating? f. Do you have any permanent difficulty learning? This Question for occupant listed in Part IV as Person Number 1 (here above Named): If person answered Item 4 “Disabled - Yes”, mark disability type. If person answered Item 4 “Disabled - No”, mark “None”. 7. WHAT TYPE OF PHYSICAL OR MENTAL DISABILITY DO YOU HAVE? (Mark the most serious) Blindness Deafness Memory Loss Cerebral palsy Physical handicap Mental Illness Other ______________________________ None This Question for occupant listed in Part IV as Person Number 1 (here above Named): If person answered Item 5 “Indigenous - Yes”, mark group type. If person answered Item 5 “Indigenous - No”, mark “None”. 8. TO WHICH INDIGENOUS GROUP DO YOU BELONG? Kuna Ngäbe Buglé Naso/Teribe Bokota Emberá Wounaan Bri Bri Other ______________________________ None This Question for occupant listed in Part IV as Person Number 1 (here above Named): If person answered Item 6 “Black or African descent - Yes”, mark type considered. If person answered Item 6 “Black or African descent - No”, mark “None”. 9. YOU ARE CONSIDERED: Black Colonial? Black Antillean? Black? Other? ______________________________ None ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The remainder of the Census Questionnaire is legalize, definitions, instructions, and other ‘small print’ not here translated. This doc follows the same line-by-line order as the original Census Questionnaire. This translation may not be entirely accurate. Set your word processor margins at ½” top/bottom and 1” left/right to view and print doc correctly. =====================================================================
--- "Dissent is the highest form of patriotism." (Thomas Jefferson)