Saturday, June 28 2014 @ 09:30 AM EDT
Contributed by: Don Winner
The North Korean freighter Chong Chon Gang was stopped last July and discovered to be carrying 25 containers of Cuban military hardware, including two Soviet-era MiG-21 aircraft, air defense systems, missiles and command and control vehicles.
The ship's 35 crewmembers were arrested and the vessel and cargo seized for potential violations of a UN weapons embargo and as a threat to the canal's security.
Panama initially released all crewmembers except three senior officers charged with arms trafficking.
On Friday, Judge Carlos Villarrea finally acquitted and freed that last group, named as Ri Yong Il, Hong Yong Hyon and Kim Yong Gol. He also acquitted the other 32 crewmembers.
Villarreal's decision was based on the fact that the incident "was of international character and outside Panamanian jurisdiction," a court statement said.
Panama only had the right to convene the United Nations Security Council to allow the body to issue its own ruling on the weapons cache found, the judge said.
Additionally, the crewmembers could not be held responsible because "they were executing and obeying direct orders from the state of North Korea," he said.
Villarreal ordered the return of the more than 200,000 sacks of sugar that had been used to conceal the undeclared weapons cargo, but did not release the confiscated arms, saying the rightful owner had yet to be proven.
"The law was applied and this judge will be remembered for being brave and daring to liberate North Koreans despite internal and external pressures against the accused," the sailors' lawyer Julio Berrios told AFP.
"If all goes well, they will be leaving the country at the end of next week via Havana, Moscow and Beijing."
Both Havana and Pyongyang said the weapons were obsolete Cuban arms being shipped to North Korea for refurbishment under a legitimate contract and due to be returned to Cuba.
But neither country explained why the shipment was hidden if it was indeed legitimate.
Panama asked the United Nations to send a mission to determine if the attempted shipment violated a UN embargo on arms deliveries to North Korea.
Panama authorities said in April that a UN team's report confirms that the cargo violated the embargo. (AFP)