Monday, April 29 2013 @ 08:02 PM UTC
Contributed by: Anonymous
To reduce these effects, incentive measures were taken for the countries to adopt. In Panama, the recent fire at the sanitary landfill in Cerro Patacón made the people responsible of this landfill aware in regards to this pending task.
"We had to comply with one of the requirements established in the contract which is capturing the biogas emanating from the decomposition of garbage," said Juan Camilo Alvarez, manager of the landfill.
Close to the company Urbalia S.A.’s second anniversary of managing this landfill, it was reported that this fire caused damages in the piping system and in eight accumulation wells, delaying the process of gas flare and capture.
However, the system will not be fully operational until the first semester of the year, reported Alvarez. This announcement was given after the company received the approval from the UN to start the project of the capture and registry system, valued in two million dollars.
Once the system is operational, which will have a capacity of handling five thousand cubic meters of gas per hour and will later burn them, daily records will be issued and the UN will receive them periodically.
"With this process, the international institution will issue carbon dioxide certificates which will result in economical incentives for the Government”, said Alvarez. The system is interconnected between phase 1 and 2 of the sanitary landfill with 47 and 7 accumulation wells, respectively.
One component of the contract between the Government and Urbalia establishes the emission of carbon dioxide through a recognized system of treatment, and treatment of leachate (contaminated material) product of the decomposition.
For the latter process, the administration reported they are waiting for the treatment plant to arrive, valued at $1.5 million.
Each of the components is under evaluation of the system, following the damage suffered due to the fire reported in the landfill. "In Panama, Urbalia will be the first company to be accredited by the UN as the only one with expertise in the handling of gas flare and capture, which in turn are converted into carbon credits, established by the Kyoto Protocol," said the businessman.
While the operation of carbon credits is started, the National Environment Authority (ANAM) is still evaluating the polluting effects of the fire in Cerro Patacón.
For example, the second report from ANAM on the technical evaluation of the air quality during the 18th and 20th day of March revealed there was a moderate degree of pollution particularly affecting a radius of 5 kilometers in Ancon, Betania and part of San Miguelito, according to the northeast wind direction, heading to the southeast.
"During the last hours, higher concentrations than those normally measured have been seen, it can be considered that the levels of particles indicate a moderate degree of pollution, which affects the sensitive groups of the population, such as children, seniors, patients with respiratory or cardiac conditions, considered as risk groups”, was the result of the report regarding the incidence of smoke emission, product of the fire which is still being investigated by the authorities.
The Cerro Patacón landfill, with a capacity of 2 thousand 700 daily tons of garbage from the districts of Panama and San Miguelito, is still pending to open the third phase. The gas capture systems are suited for the three “mountains” of garbage.